Post Processing Stained Glass Photos – Part 1
A few weeks ago, I posted stained glass photos that I took at St. Saviour’s Episcopal Church in downtown Bar Harbor, Maine. Everyone ooh’d and aah’d appropriately, then one of you stuck your hand up and said, “How did you do that?” It turns out she has a number of stained glass pictures taken during a trip to Europe and hadn’t figured out how to process them up.
So this is going to get a bit technical and take several posts to explain, but here’s how I did it!
Select A Photo With Detail
The first thing is to select a photo that has sufficient detail in it. I shot these with a high ISO because of how dim the church was and I was hand holding my camera. Had I been tripod mounted, I could have used a lower ISO and had less noise (i.e., graininess). But I didn’t have my tripod with me and I don’t know that the church would have let me set it up anyhow.
I routinely bracket my shots. Bracketing is where my camera takes a picture at the normal settings, then another one that’s darker and another that’s lighter. So I take 3 pictures of every shot that I want. This helps improve the odds of getting a keeper.
Here’s the difference when I reviewed my pictures later:
The picture on the left is with normal settings. Although it seems to be a better brightness, the details are lacking in the robe, flowers and even the hair. The one on the right is technically too dark, but you can see a great deal more of the detail in the robe, flowers, and hair.
Open Up In Adobe Lightroom
I open the picture on the right in Lightroom and it looks like this, straight out of the camera:
Awesome! Not. I’m slanting down to the right and the top piece of each stained glass has a shadow, probably due to eaves outside the window.
Crop and Level
Since I want each photo to be on its own, so I can blow it up and show the details, the first thing I do is crop them each out. I start by opening the develop module (the up arrow). Select the crop tool (down arrow on the left). Select a 1×1 crop size (down arrow on the right). Make sure the little padlock next to the crop tool is closed to ensure the photo stays proportional when you are cropping.
I drag the tool around the photo and leave as much background as possible. I’ll crop it again later to a small size. This leaves me room to work, especially since I’ll be straightening the picture and might run an edge right off the end.
Because this is crooked, I also got the angle tool (the far right arrow pointing to the right). I put it on the bottom of the tool and drag it across. When I release it, the picture will automatically straighten (far left arrow pointing to the right). If I don’t think it’s straight enough, I can also grab any corner of the crop box and rotate it until I like how it looks.
Click done at the bottom to crop and level the picture.
I now have a cropped picture to work with.
I now make adjustments for exposure, highlights and shadows, contrast, clarity, and vibrance. If I’d taken the picture in jpg, the camera would already have made those decisions. Since I shoot in raw, I have to make these adjustments.
Unfortunately, in the course of all this, the background is now a grainy maroon. I’ll fix that later in Adobe Photoshop.
Adjust The Dark Spot At The Top
I adjusted the dark part at the top with the graduated filter (down arrow). I clicked the pin above the stained glass, and rotated it so that it lightened the area above the pin (the pin is in the circle). The default is to lighten the area below the pin. To rotate, move the cursor to the pin until a double headed arrow appears. Then I can rotate it until the top and bottom are exchanged. This is harder than it sounds, so if it gets too frustrating, I delete the pin (with the delete key) and start all over again.
Then adjust the exposure, contrast, and other sliders until that top piece looks like the rest of it. This takes experimentation to figure out how big to make the graduated filter (how far down does it come) and what the correct adjustments should be so it’s not too dark, not too light, and the colors don’t get weird.
Sharpen and Reduce Noise
I also sharpened the picture, which increased the noise. I then applied a noise reduction to get rid of the excess graininess. I have to be careful with noise reduction, as it can make the picture look soft if it gets too smoothed out. The upper arrow pointing right shows a blow-up of one small piece so you can see the detail better. Adjust the sharpening first, then get rid of enough noise to smooth out the picture but not have it get soft. The lower area pointing right shows the adjustments I made to this picture. The arrow pointing left shows the history and what the exact changes were.
How It Looks So Far
This is how it looks so far. The graininess is greatly reduced from the picture above (when the graduated filter was being applied).
Move To Adobe Photoshop For More Editing
At this point, I’ve done everything I want in Adobe Lightroom, so it’s time to take this into Adobe Photoshop for more sophisticated and complex adjustments. Do this by right clicking on the photo, select “edit in” from the menu that pops-up, then select Adobe Photoshop in the next menu that pops up. I now wait a few minutes for Photoshop to open up and analyze the picture.
I’m going to end here. My next post will show how to continue processing this in Photoshop.
Maine (Acadia National Park) Photography Photoshop & Lightroom Stained Glass Processing Adobe Lightroom Adobe Photoshop crop denoise graduated filter noise reduction post processing sharpen St. Saviour's stained glass straighten tool
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I am a backyard adventurer, philosopher and observer, recording my life in journals and photographs. Visit my blog at www.livingtheseasons.com.
Amazing Nancy! I wish I knew more about photography so I could understand it a bit more, but the pictures of the beautiful windows is awesome!
Thanks Maxine! The photography is a great object lesson in the learning curve. I understand and do so much better than I did even several years ago. I’m surprised I’m doing as well as I never set out to get this good, but it’s happened after lots and lots of practice. Of course the days I’m stomping mad about it, I have to remind myself that I use a $100k piece of software at work. If I can do that, I can learn Photoshop. Not that it ever seems to matter if I’m that mad.
Wow! I am not technologically savy, but I can appreciate gorgeous photography when I see it!
Thanks Amanda! That’s really sweet of you to leave a comment. This is more technical than I usually do, but it helps me to remember the steps should I ever do this again. I’d rather not do it again – it took way too long – but it turned out really great in the end. So thanks for hanging in there while I get this out of my system and answer questions for my blogging friend who would like to do this to her pictures.
I’m sure your photography loving friends are so grateful. I once did a 1-1 photography tutoring session with my camera and it was one of the best things I ever did. Maybe you can even offer to do that for some…I mean, since you have so much spare time, ha ha!
My husband does photo consulting like that and his clients have said the same thing, mostly because he focuses on exactly what they need, unlike a generic course that has a lot of stuff you won’t really use.
But yes, I’d probably do pretty good myself in teaching with all MY spare time! Of which I have SO MUCH. Not. Thanks for the laugh!
I am so impressed. (I’d never get any posts done if I tried this…would take me fooooorever…but maybe with practice…)
Your instructions are so good and the illustrations help and are in the right spot.
Maybe there’s hope for me.
Thanks for all the hard work and sharing it!
Thanks Phil! I appreciate the feedback that the instructions and illustrations are making sense.
When I did the original post, I commented that it took me most of the day and I was really frustrated. You’re right on when you say it’ll take most of the day. It did for me.
I was really torn between I did something great and how very pissed off I was to give up my day for a handful of pictures. Still, it was a good learning experience for me and I’m losing my resentment over taking so long to do it.
I’ve never used Adobe Lightroom, only Photoshop…
Lightroom is almost identical to camera raw processing except the user interface is friendlier and easier to use. The concepts and techniques are pretty much the same for the developing.
I will learn a lot by your posts.
Debbie – I hope you do! Other photographers have graciously answered questions for me. This is pretty involved, but I think if I don’t write it down, I’ll be asking my husband the same questions over and over. He didn’t help with a lot, but he did explain the masks to me. Photoshop is really powerful and I don’t really use it very well.
I think I should clarify this. The Lightroom Develop Module is nearly identical to camera raw in Photoshop except Lightroom made it much friendlier.
The catalog feature in Lightroom is sort of similar to Bridge, but much more powerful.
Lightroom also has modules for printing, web, and slideshows, which neither camera raw or Photoshop have.
A lot of photographers have started to use both for that reason, but what I’m explaining here you could do in just Photoshop.
Oh, ok. I have an antique model of Photoshop CS3 I believe…(yikes)
Over my head! ;) I had Lightroom on my computer but took it off until I learn more about what I’m doing. I’m excited to get to that point, but no where close yet. :)
This was over my head for a long time too. I went from Photoshop Elements to Photoshop because there were a few things I really wanted to do and Elements simply didn’t let me. I not an expert in it, so my photo are honestly “just good enough” and nowhere near perfect. But for my fellow blogger who asked how to do this, “just good enough” was okay for her.
I am going to do a post at the end on resources for learning Lightroom and Photoshop, both free and for a fee. I think you’re not the only one who is at a beginning point on this.
Also, I really liked your post about your grandfather’s letters. I want to write a longer response to you, but probably not until the weekend. It was a great post though.
Thank you Nancy! For the information and the kind words. I will very gradually start to learn these things. And when I do, I will likely not see the light of day because I am fascinated by this all. :)